Geologic time relative dating
Because of the vast difference in scale, the younger intervals have been successively expanded to the right to show some of these finer subdivisions.
Earth Science Week Editor's Note: As terms, Tertiary subdivisions Paleogene and Neogene have gained favor relatively recently.
The numerically calibrated geologic time scale has been continuously refined since approximately the 1930s (e.g., Holmes, 1937), although the amount of change with each revision has become smaller over the decades (see fig.
1.5 and 1.6 of Harland ) and a few numerical estimates were available previously (but often for the duration of the entire scale rather than its individual subdivisions).
I had no idea that males demonstrate their fitness through acrobatic flips and leaps, though.
Older literature divides the Tertiary into epochs (from oldest to newest): Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocence, Miocene, and Pliocene.
Moreover, the Quaternary is sometimes divided into Pleistocene and Holocene.
This geological time scale is based upon Harland , 1990, but with the Precambrian/Cambrian boundary modified according to the most recently-published radiometric dates on that interval, revising the boundary from 570 -15 million years to 543 -1 million years ago (Grotzinger , 1995).
Other changes have been proposed since 1990 (e.g., revision of the Cretaceous by Obradovich, 1993), but are not incorporated because they are relatively small.